Taming Wildmuir, An English Garden

In New York’s Catskill Mountains, an English garden with deep roots and its architecture intact is nudged toward simplicity with native plants and shrubs.

Pruned boxwoods, hostas, wild ginger, and climbing hydrangea grow between the porte-coche`re and the children’s cottage. Upright chamaecyparis stand behind a stone and steel sculpture by Tom Stogdon.   

Mick Hales

The 1893 shingle style house, nicely renovated and expanded, was lovely—but Larry McCaffrey bought Wildmuir for its gardens. Even without the perennials that had waned during a series of short-term owners, the 3 ¼-acre landscape revealed its brilliant design and hardscape.

A fountain was added to the existing pool at one end of the sunken garden.

Mick Hales

The house at Wildmuir was built by Candace Wheeler, co-founder of the Onteora Club, a 1300-acre preserve in the Catskills, which was conceived as a mountain getaway for urban artists and literati. “Onteora” comes from a Native American word meaning “hills of the sky.” If Wheeler’s name rings a bell, it’s because she was a founder of the Society of Decorative Arts in New York City, and partner with Louis Comfort Tiffany in the renowned interior design firm. An early feminist who championed paid work for women, Wheeler designed textiles, wallpapers, and interiors.

The garden today is in sympathy with the mountain surroundings, with the Arts & Crafts ideals evident in Caparn’s original design, and with this owner’s lifestyle.

The cottage as Wheeler built it was about 60% of its current size. The property changed hands several times until in 1920 it was purchased by Mrs. Ben Ali Haggin. She hired one of the most prominent landscape architects of the time, Harold A. Caparn. Born in England and educated at Columbia and in Paris, Caparn was landscape architect to the New York Zoological Park and consulting landscape architect to the Brooklyn Botanic Garden. At a time when formal gardens reigned, Caparn taught informal design at Columbia; his favorite causes included the preservation of state and national parks.

The view down to the sunken garden, with its squared dwarf birches, is spectacular. On the new upper terrace, a Rumford fireplace of local bluestone burns logs placed vertically, heating the tiles to warm the dining area.   

Mick Hales

The walled “cloister garden” Caparn installed was a British-influenced affair tucked within a maze of stone walls. The climax was a double perennial border, with a stone niche as focal point, enhanced by a secluded and vine-embraced pergola along one side. Affording a romantic, heady opportunity for strolling, the walled garden was designed for viewing from the house above. To this day it has a bygone drama. Actually, the owner’s son—James Ben Ali Haggin III, known as Ben Ali Haggin—elevated its allure. A renowned portrait artist, he also excelled in stage set design and held legendary costume parties in the garden.

The lattice door to the storage space below the entryway is painted a custom shade of green.

Mick Hales

For nearly 20 years, Larry McCaffrey struggled with perennials in the lower terrace. He had initially refilled that garden with ingredients typical of an early 20th-century English perennial border: delphiniums, phlox, columbines, geraniums, and so on. Although its hardscape was brilliantly conceived, the garden had labor-intensive plantings that had changed over time. Gardens are forever growing; original trees had either produced more shade or succumbed in storms. Also, delphiniums and other British perennials tend to be short-lived, especially in the Catskills’ plant hardiness Zone 4. Larry couldn’t keep ahead of the labor that had once engaged four full-time gardeners.

At the same time, McCaffrey’s understanding of garden ecosystems was evolving. A well-traveled and astute gardener, inspired by international trends, he discovered his fondness for shrubs and their pruning. In 2009, McCaffrey contacted landscape architect Jamie Purinton, whose Hudson Valley-based practice focuses on sustainable design. She would design new plantings for the lower terrace, an upper terrace fireplace patio near an herb harden, and new entry steps to provide access between the kitchen and dining area. Native species got preference.

The pergola roof supports a hardy kiwi vine.   

Mick Hales

Labor-intensive perennials have been replaced by squared dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’), also known as Fox Valley birch, and summer sweet (Clethra alnifolia). Plantings flow and rise around the multi-level foundation. McCaffrey staged an ode to pruning with a sheared boxwood and hosta garden softened by a wall of climbing hydrangea in the rear courtyard. Further afield, heather and native ferns beckon. 

Tags: gardening OHJ June 2018

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